Key Provisions of the Lease Law in Qatar
- Does the Lease Law apply to all types of leases?
- What is the minimum information required in a lease agreement?
- Who must register the lease?
- How would a lease agreement be automatically renewed?
- What should be the condition of the leased premises on handover date?
- Who has to carry out the maintenance in relation to the leased premises?
- How disputes in relation to leases are settled?
It governs tenancies of all types of properties in Qatar, whether residential, commercial or industrial, (including furnished units rented for more than one month) apart from: the State’s public and private properties; agricultural lands; vacant plots of land; supporting services lands (industrial); hotel and tourist apartments and units; residential units allocated by the State or by different companies for employees and workers as a result of working for them.
Lease agreements must contain (at least) the following: the landlord and tenant’s names and nationalities; address and authorised signatories; lease duration; amount and method of payment of rent; rental property description; purpose of the lease; and all other agreed terms.
All lease agreements must be registered by the landlord at the Leases Registration Office at the Municipality. The lease must be registered in order for the landlord to be able to bring a claim in respect of the lease agreement before the Leasing Dispute Settlement Committee. The landlord is to pay an annual fee of 1% of the annual rent for such registration. There will be a penalty imposed on landlords who fail to register lease agreements.
If the tenant continues to occupy a property after expiry of the lease agreement without objection by the landlord, the lease agreement will be deemed to automatically renew on the same terms and conditions for the same period.
There are obligations on the landlord to hand over the rental property in a fit condition.
There are maintenance obligations on the landlord and if he fails to carry these out the tenant may seek permission from the Leasing Dispute Settlement Committee to carry these out him/itself and for the costs to be deducted from the rent payable;
The Leasing Dispute Settlement Committee has been established pursuant to the Cabinet Resolution No (37) of 2008, with judicial powers to quickly resolve disputes between landlords and tenants. Decisions of the Committee shall have the force of an execution document, in accordance with the Civil and Commercial Procedure Law. Decisions of the Committee may be appealed within fifteen days to Qatar’s Court of Appeal.